10 Tips with Sneezesafe®
Flu (or influenza) is caused by a different group of viruses to colds. The symptoms are usually more severe and it can take much longer to recover1.
*Kids generally get 5-10 colds per year
*Adults generally get 2-4 colds per year
*Adults have been exposed to many cold viruses in their lifetime, so their immune system tend to be more resistant2.
Generally, people do not take antibiotics for cold or flu. Antibiotics kill bacteria, not viruses, therefore they won't make you get better faster, or make you less infectious3.
Over the counter medicines can help symptoms such as Paracetamol for a headache, nasal sprays for blocked nose (saline only for children under under 6) and throat lozenges for a sore throat4.
Drinking lots of water, gargling with warm salty-water, drinking lemon tea with honey, and getting rest can all help relieve symptoms5. Chicken soup is easy to swallow, and contains an amino acid called cysteine, which can help thin out mucus10.
Singing that Happy Birthday song twice is the prefect length of time to effectively wash germs off hands. Any soap will do, it does not have to be "antibacterial"6.
The average human cough can fill about three-quarters of 2L soft drink bottle with air and vapour, shooting out of the lungs in a spray that travels over a meter in distance!7.
Germs can transfer to our bodies when we touch surfaces. Regularly clean your phones, laptops, computer mouses, TV remote controls, door handles (especially the toilet), desk areas, fridge door and any other items that hands regular touch8.
We produce about 500mL per day of clear fluid when we're healthy. If you have a cold, mucus production increases, becomes thick and appears green or yellow9.
Add moisture to the air by using a cool-mist-vaporizer or humidifier which might help loosen congestion. Change the water daily, and clean the unit according to the manufacturer's instructions10.
What Is Good Respiratory Hygiene?
Viruses such as colds and flu are spread by germs that are too small for us to see with the naked eye. Cold symptoms such as a runny nose, coughing and sneezing can spread cold germs into the air. If another person breathes these germs in, they can become infected with the virus and ‘catch the cold’. Germs are also spread by hand-to-face contact and by people touching objects that can be infected and by someone wiping their nose on their hand. An easy way to help stop the spread of germs and viruses is by using tissues correctly.
Tissues should be used in the following ways:
- For blowing a runny nose (not wiping)
- For covering the nose and mouth when sneezing
- For covering the mouth when coughing
It is also very important that used tissues are thrown away immediately, and that you wash your hands immediately, or the virus could be spread by touch. Tissues are more hygienic than handkerchiefs and should be carried at all times by people who have a virus.